Step-by-Step Planting Preparation Guide

This Step-by-Step Planting Preparation Guide will help you with all the planning you need to do in the coming weeks to get your garden off the ground. Here’s a quick run-down of what you’ll need to get your Spring garden going this year! 

  1. Know your last frost date. This dictates how much time you have left before you need to really get things going. You can find it by putting in your zip code here. The date the calculator spits out  is the average range of the last frost in your area (+/- 2 weeks). That’s a month long window, so it’s really an estimate. 

You can plant up to two weeks earlier than the official date, BUT you’ll need to watch the nighttime temperatures like a hawk. If it dips to below 32F, you’ll need to get ready to cover any tender seedlings. Some years you win the gamble of planting early, and sometimes you end up like Linus, covering your plants every night for three weeks. It’s up to you how much effort you want to put into it.

Linus covering Christmas Tree

2. Decide how you’ll start your plants. If you haven’t made your decision yet, check out last week’s post about the pros & cons of transplants vs. direct sowing vs. indoor seed-starting

Here’s my honest opinion on the matter:

IT IS OKAY to buy transplants from a local nursery. You can buy nursery plants and STILL GET THE SAME DELICIOUS PRODUCE! You are not a “lesser” gardener for buying transplants. Anyone who judges you for going with transplants over seeds is probably a little full of themselves and not someone you want to be taking gardening advice from anyway.

Want more of a challenge than buying transplants? Do you like to live dangerously? Well, danger is my middle name. If you’re really sold on seed starting, then I HIGHLY recommend direct sowing.

Austin Powers: Danger is My Middle Name

3. Make a plan for what you want to plant and where it’s going to go. 

Consider these three things:

SPACE: How much space do you have? Will you be planting in containers? A garden bed? Make a paper chart (or spreadsheet you can print) of where everything will go. And make sure it’s to scale. Take into account plant spacings using the Square Foot Gardening method (post coming in the next few weeks!) and/or underplanting for getting the most out of your space. Ignore traditional row spacings on seed packets unless you’re a farmer. 

SELECTION: Every gardening website in the history of the world will tell you “plant what your family eats”. I didn’t take this advice for the first six years I gardened, because I wanted to see what I could grow, how plants in different families grow, and maybe because I thought deep down that I would enjoy eating Malabar Spinach (reality: slimy, gross texture) and Nasturtium (reality: smells like wet dog). I was wrong. Look at what your family eats regularly and plant that. Think about things you get at the grocery store every week (or at least every week in the summertime). Eighty percent of your space should be dedicated to those things. For our family, those are things like potatoes, onions, carrots, tomatoes, cucumbers, green beans, peppers, and lettuce. Not Nasturtium (though this makes a great companion plant!).

FUN FACTOR: Growing plants is also about learning and having fun, so I recommend getting 2-3 plants that will bring you joy or be a challenge to grow. WARNING: DO NOT experiment with things like PUMPKIN, MELONS, GOURDS, or WINTER SQUASH. They require a huge amount of space, so unless you’re trellising them over a massive arch or have a patch of grass you really want to kill, don’t do it. 

4. If you’re sowing seed, order seed catalogs/peruse seed websites NOW. Most companies send them for free, though Baker Creek has a coffee-table like book you can also buy for $14 if you just want to drool over some botanical eye candy. You can also peruse their websites if you don’t want the clutter/temptation of seed catalogs in your house. My favorites are: – Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds & Seed Saver’s Exchange

**Special Note for 2021: There may be issues with seed shortages due to a boom in COVID gardening. You may have to get creative here… see step #6.

5. DO NOT PLANT ANYTHING OUTDOORS RIGHT NOW. Let me remind you that it is February, and unless you live in Zones 9 or 10 (think FL/south GA), we’ll be going through some menopausal weather from now until mid-April (at least here in NC). If you try to plant now, your seedlings will get tricked into thinking it’s Spring about eight times between now and then, it will freeze and those poor little babies will bite the dust. Control yourself! Spring is coming but it’s not here yet.

Winter is coming... no wait, warm again. Ok it's cold, winter is coming... nope, warm again.

6. Buy/source your seeds or transplants. ONLY do this once you’ve planned out your space. Get your order in as early as possible for seeds (February or early March at the latest). Have a back-up plan in case something you want is sold out. Share or swap seeds with a friend or neighbor to keep costs down. Many public libraries also have “seed libraries” where you can give/take seeds for free!

Example of a Seed Library:

7. Prep the planting area. Have you made your planting beds yet? If not, now’s the time. If you did step #3, you should know how big to make your beds or how many containers to source/buy. If you’re doing raised beds, get yourself a load of certified organic compost (make sure it’s certified, meaning they test for heavy metals & persistent herbicides!) from a local landscaping company (they’ll deliver by the truckload for cheap compared to getting bags) and spread it over your planting area (at least ⅛ in thick, but more is better). For my garden (2- 4’x4’ and 2- 3’x4’ raised beds, plus 4’ wide beds around most of the perimeter of my house), I get 5 cubic yards (the minimum the landscape company will deliver, since I don’t have a truck to pick it up myself). It costs ~$180. It’s a huge pile of compost, so I end up laying it on thick. It takes 2-3 full afternoons to wheelbarrow and spread it by myself, but it’s worth it – I rarely fertilize my plants because the compost does such a great job providing nutrients. A good mix for raised beds is 1/3 compost, 1/3 coconut coir/peat moss, and 1/3 vermiculite/perlite. You can get a few bags of the coir/peat moss and vermiculite/perlite at Home Depot or Lowes.

Compost delivery

This is what 5 cubic yards of compost looks like.

8. When it’s time to plant, water the planting area BEFORE you direct sow OR after planting if using transplants. Why? Because tiny seeds will get washed away by a stream of water from a hose, whereas transplants need to “settle” into the soil by being watered in. Better yet, plant right before/after it rains and you can skip watering entirely! Note that for transplants, you’ll need to harden them off (acclimate them to being outside for gradually longer periods each day for about a week) before planting.

9. Plant your seeds/transplants. Bring a written diagram/chart outside with you so you know where everything goes. If you need to make adjustments when planting, write down your changes on that paper so you know what got planted where. Then, take a picture of it because YOU WILL LOSE THAT PAPER. You can also label with plant tags, but the diagram should be the source of truth. Seedlings all look VERY similar. A diagram helps you know what’s a weed and what’s something you planted when things start popping up! Pay attention to the proper plant spacing as outlined in the Square Foot Gardening Method or for underplanting. Seeds should be planted twice as deep as they are wide. A 1 cm seed would be planted 2 cm deep. 

Planting chart

My planting chart from last year with some edits.

10. Keep an eye on seedlings until they are established. This means not allowing them to dry out, protecting them from potential frosts, and shielding them from critters like birds, rodents, and insect pests that enjoy munching on the fresh new growth.

That’s it! Now go order some seed catalogs and curl up with a mug of hot chocolate. Enjoy this time of preparation and rest before the mad rush of planting in a few short weeks!


Coming up:

Sunday: Kingdom First

Next Wednesday: All About Seeds! Choosing Varieties and Deciphering Seed Packets

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2021: The Jubilant Garden

Hi! I’m glad you’re here! Welcome to The Jubilant Gardener blog. I’m Stephanie – AKA the Jubilant Gardener. I’m an avid gardener, lover of all things meme-related, and Christ-follower. My goal with this blog is to interject some gardening knowledge, a good laugh, and little bit of Jesus into your week. But more on that later! First, let’s talk a little bit about why I’m starting this blog.

Last year was a mess, wasn’t it? I think we can all safely say that 2020 was probably a low point in most of our lives. Who would have thought we’d ever see this in our lifetimes? A raging pandemic, civil unrest, a run on toilet paper. You know life has hit an all-time low when you start Googling bidets (though to be fair, I’ve tried one before and it wasn’t half bad!). Luckily for us, the good people at Charmin had the foresight of making mega rolls – a true miracle if ever there was one. A double-miracle is this wonderfully seductive pose of Lionel Richie and his favorite TP, summing up the struggle of the past year:

Funny Toilet Paper Shortage Memes - Funtastic Life

But that’s not the way 2021 is going to go. I’m calling it… this is the YEAR OF JUBILEE!

I’m not talking about Queen Elizabeth II (though, fun fact, her Platinum Jubilee is scheduled for 2022. Mark your calendars!). I’m talking about a year of good things in Biblical proportions. Why not? Last year was a year of horrible things IN BIBLICAL PROPORTIONS. Let’s not forget the time hurricanes had to be named using the Greek alphabet BECAUSE WE HAD SO MANY STORMS WE RAN OUT OF LETTERS IN THE ALPHABET. 

hurricane Memes & GIFs - Imgflip

Yes, people. This is the Year of Jubilee. 

A Jubilee is:

    1. a special anniversary of an event, especially one celebrating twenty-five or fifty years of a reign or activity.

Also, it’s:

    1. (of desserts) flambé.

Desserts? A celebration? Both great in my book.


Beyond our cultural understanding of Jubilee, there’s also the original Biblical Jubilee, which is:

    1. The 50th year at the end of 7 cycles of 7 years.
    2. A Sabbath year, set apart as holy
    3. A year of no planting, no storing of harvests, no grape gathering (random, am I right?)
    4. A year of eating whatever the land produces on its own
    5. A year of returning to the land that belonged to your ancestors
    6. A year of resetting property rights and deeds
    7. A year of redeeming the poor and enslaved

Interestingly, the Bible cites these results if we observe the Jubilee:

    1. Living securely in the land (yay!)
    2. A huge yield of crops (double yay!)
    3. Eating our fill (I think I can really get behind this)
    4. A blessing in the 6th year leading up to the 7th year (Jubilee year) to have enough food for THREE YEARS (say WHAT?!)

I don’t know about you, but I could really use a Sabbath year right about now. My soul needs the rest and the joy of just being. Not striving.

And that’s why I’m also giving our amazingly productive garden a Jubilee year, too. No planting, just living off the abundance and letting the land rest. There are treasures to be found in the wild garden – plants that make their way through this harsh world on their own, mini-ecosystems that need absolutely no intervention from us to thrive (in fact, probably do better without us!), and mysteries and miracles in the natural world for us to discover. So that’s what I plan to share with you through this blog – that the untended garden has lessons for all of us, both practically and spiritually. We just have to sit still long enough to look for them.

Peppered in with this year’s wild garden observations, I’ll share photos, tutorials, tips, tricks, LOTS of failures, and even some successes from my garden (every Wednesday) and devotionals (every Sunday). No matter your background with gardening or faith, there’s a place for you here. I hope you’ll join in with me as we explore what it means to be a Jubilant Gardener!


Coming up on Wednesday: Where to Start? Nursery Transplants vs Direct Sowing vs Indoor Seed Starting

And Next Sunday: How to Achieve Your Goals This Year + My Goals for 2021


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